Only clean water rivals vaccines at reducing infectious diseases and deaths 1. Immunisation has the potential to prevent 6 million deaths worldwide each year2.
Vaccination greatly reduces the burden of infectious diseases1.
Vaccination has resulted in dramatic falls in rates of many vaccine preventable diseases in the UK.
Disease reduction following NHS vaccination.
Vaccines save lives and prevent disability1, 2
Meningococcal and pneumococcal disease 12, 13
• Can cause septicaemia and meningitis • Can kill • 20-25% of survivors of invasive disease have permanent effects including: – Limb amputations – Brain damage – Hearing loss • The NHS offers vaccination against strains of meningococcus and pneumococcus to specific age groups
Vaccines help people with serious and long term conditions to stay healthy14, 15
Vaccines target specific diseases
but can also have additional health benefits1
A person with cancer may be more at risk of catching flu and more likely to become very ill 14
In a US study an elderly population vaccinated against influenza had;
of being hospitalised
and cerebrovascular disease
than an elderly unvaccinated population15
Vaccines contribute to a healthier society 16, 17
Vaccination can help the global fight
against antibiotic resistance 16.
Improving uptake of vaccination is part of the
UK’s anti-microbial resistance strategy 18
The UK has long recognised vaccination as a public health priority 5,19
NHS vaccination against 2 infectious diseases 19
NHS vaccination against 20 infectious diseases 20
With the development of new vaccines, the NHS immunisation programme has expanded to offer protection against many infectious diseases to specific age groups and those most at risk from infection or complications 5, 20.
Only clean water rivals vaccines at reducing infectious diseases and deaths 1.
Immunisation has the potential to prevent 6 million deaths worldwide each year 2.
Date of preparation: June 2018
Andre FE et al. Vaccination greatly reduces disease, disability death and inequity worldwide. Bulletin of World Health Organisation 2008;86:81-160.
Ehreth J. The global value of vaccination. Vaccine 2003;21:596-600.
Waight, P et al. Effect of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine on invasive pneumococcal disease in England and Wales 4 years after its introduction: an observational cohort study. Lancet Infect Dis 2015; 15: 535–43.
Atchison, J et al: Rapid declines in rotavirus infection and acute gastroenteritis in vaccinated and unvaccinated age groups within one year of rotavirus vaccine introduction in England and Wales. Journal of Infectious Disease 2015. Jul 30 2015.
Amirthalingam, G., et al. Evaluation of the effect of the herpes zoster vaccination programme 3 years after its introduction in England: a population-based study. Lancet Public Health. 2017 Dec 21. pii: S2468-2667(17)30234-7. doi: 10.1016/S2468- 2667(17)30234-7. [Epub ahead of print].
Nichol KL et al. Influenza vaccination and reduction in hospitalizations for cardiac disease and stroke among the elderly. N Engl J Med 2003;348:1322-1332.
O’Neill J. Vaccines and alternative approaches; reducing our dependence on antimicrobials. February 2016. The review on antimicrobial resistance chaired by Jim O’Neill.
Greenwood B. The contribution of vaccines to global health: past,present and future. Phil Trans Roy Soc B 2014;369:20130433.
Department of Health and Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs: July 2013:UK Five Year Anti-microbial Resistance Strategy 2013-2018, Chapter 5. Available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/uk-5-year-antimicrobial-resistance-strategy2013-to-2018 Last accessed June 2018
Department of Health: Chief Medical Officer’s Annual Report 2007, Chapter 5. Available at http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20130105101845/http://www.dh.gov.uk/prod_consum_dh/groups/dh_digitalassets/@dh/@en/documents/digitalasset/dh_086193.pdf Last accessed June 2018